Italy – beautiful landscapes, beautiful buildings, beautiful people.
Italy has the third largest economy in the Eurozone and the eighth largest in the world. It has a very high level of human development and is ranked sixth in the world for life expectancy. The country plays a prominent role in regional and global economic, military, cultural and diplomatic affairs, and it is both a regional power and a great power.
Italy is a founding and leading member of the European Union and the member of numerous international institutions, including the UN, NATO, the OECD, the OSCE, the WTO, the G7/G8, G20, the Union for the Mediterranean, the Council of Europe, Uniting for Consensus and many more. As a reflection of its cultural wealth, Italy is home to 51 World Heritage Sites, the most in the world, and is the fifth most visited country.
Population: 60 million.
Capital City: Rome; and is the largest city of Italy.
Currency: The Euro (EUR).
Main languages: Italian (official language), English (tourist centres).
Electricity: 220 AC 50 Hz. Two-pin European plug.
Tips: 10% to 15% in restaurants, 5% to 10% in taxis.
International dialing Code: +39. City/area codes are in use, e.g. (0)2 for Milan and (0)6 for Rome.
Drivers: Drives on the right.
Emergency number: Police: 113, Ambulance: 118, Fire: 115.
Weather: The weather in Italy is very variable. Italy is divided into 3 regions: the Alps, the Po Valley and the south and nearby islands.
Villages and cities in the Alps have cold winters with heavy snowfall. Po Valley is characterized by severe winters and hot and humid summers.
The south have a moderate Mediterranean climate, with hot, dry summers and mild winters. The north of Italy receives the most precipitation, and the south remains relatively dry.
Spring and autumn are short these seasons bring the best weather. Between May and October the water remains warm in the coastline of the country.